Officials of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) count votes at a polling station after local elections, in Lagos on March 18, 2023. Nigerians vote in local elections three weeks after the ruling party won a presidential poll contested by the two main opposition parties. Africa’s most populous country will be voting for governors in 28 of the 36 states of the federation. (Photo by PIUS UTOMI EKPEI / AFP)
(AFP) – Lagos governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu has won his bid for re-election, Nigeria‘s electoral commission said Monday, as votes are counted following local elections marred by violence and vote buying.
Governors are powerful positions in Nigeria, with some controlling state budgets larger than those of several African nations.
Saturday’s election for 28 governors and more than 900 state assembly lawmakers took place three weeks after the governing party won a presidential race that opposition groups said was rigged.
Outsider Peter Obi of the Labour Party (LP) caused a stir on February 25 by winning the most votes in Lagos, considered the fiefdom of president-elect Bola Tinubu of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC).
But nationwide Obi came in third position, after Atiku Abubakar of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) — both are contesting the results in courts.
The key question on Saturday was whether Obi’s growing popularity, especially with Nigeria‘s youth, would translate at the local polls.
But Sanwo-Olu scored a landslide victory winning 762,134 votes compared to 312,329 for Gbadebo Rhodes-Vivour from the LP and 62,449 for the PDP candidate Olajide Adediran.
The incumbent also passed the required threshold of 25 percent of votes across two-thirds of the state, the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) said.
So far, the APC has won the governorship races in Ogun, Kwara, Jigawa, Gombe, Yobe, Katsina and Sokoto, while the PDP has won in Oyo and Akwa Ibom.
Other competitive contests where results are still pending took place in southern Rivers and northern Kano, while northeast Adamawa could see the election of Nigeria‘s first woman governor.
With President Muhammadu Buhari stepping down in May after two terms, many hoping for change were disappointed in the way the voting was conducted last month, a sentiment that could have impacted the local contests.
Voters and opposition parties claimed that technical mishaps allowed for ballot manipulation, which the electoral commission has denied.
After observing Saturday’s poll, the Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) noted in parts of the country “a sense of discouragement that due to the unfavourable outcome of the presidential election ‘there is no point’ of coming out to vote”.
Despite signs of low turnout, observer group Yiaga Africa said it had recorded “significant improvement in the management of election logistics” on Saturday.
Polling units mostly opened on time and both the biometric registration machines and online portal to view results functioned relatively well, both observer groups said.
– Beatings and arrests –
Violence was recorded across several states however, with thugs showing up at polling units to intimidate voters and in some cases destroying electoral material.
In southeast Imo State, where armed separatist groups are active, a group of ad hoc electoral staff were taken hostage on Saturday morning, and while they were quickly rescued, election material went missing.
In Lagos, “in the Lagbasa and Ado primary school in Ajah, there were reports of voters being flogged”, according to the CDD.
Amnesty International warned that these tactics were being “used to scare people from voting”.
“Many ended up with severe injuries… This is unacceptable and must be investigated thoroughly,” the rights group said on Twitter.
As a result of tensions, voting was postponed in some sites — in Eti Osa district of Lagos and in Asari-Toru and Degema districts of Rivers State — and took place on Sunday.
“Processes were disrupted by actors over whom we have little or no control,” said INEC official Festus Okoye, who condemned the violence on Sunday evening.
He also said that “allegations of voter inducement, harassment and manipulation of results will be reviewed and addressed.”
Instances of vote buying was more rampant than during the presidential election, observers reported earlier in the day.
Party agents were seen giving out 1,000 naira (about two dollars) in exchange for votes, as well as provisions of spaghetti, fabric and alcohol, Yiaga Africa said.
The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission said on Saturday that it had arrested “no fewer than 65 persons… for alleged voter inducement”.
© Agence France-Presse